The Study of process and methods of extraction of valuable metals from their natural mineral deposits and refining the extracted raw metals into a purer form are known as Extractive metallurgy. It is a branch of metallurgical engineering. It covers all aspects of the verity of ore, washing, concentration, separation, chemical processes and extraction of pure metal and their alloying to suit various applications, for direct use as a end product.
1. Knowledge of numerous techniques, process and operations used during metal extraction and refining.
2. Knowledge of Extraction of metals from oxide ores, sulphide ores, and halides as well extraction of precious metals (Gold & Silver).
3. To be able to select the correct process routes, reactors and be able to optimize and control them.