Bulk Material Handling is an engineering field that is centred on the design of equipment used for the handling of dry materials. Bulk materials are those dry materials that are powdery, granular or lumpy in nature and are stored in heaps. Examples of Bulk Materials are minerals, ores, coal, cereals, woodchips, sand, gravel, clay, cement, ash, salt, chemicals, grain, sugar, flour and stone in loose bulk form. It can also relate to the handling of mixed wastes. Bulk Material Handling is an essential part of all industries that process bulk ingredients including food, beverage, confectionery, pet food, animal feed, tobacco, chemical, agriculture, polymer, plastic, rubber, ceramic, electronics, metals, minerals, paint, paper, textiles and more.
The purpose of a Bulk Material Handling facility may be to transport material from one of several locations (i.e. source) to an ultimate destination or to process material such as ore in concentrating or smelting or handling materials for manufacturing such as logs, wood chips, and sawdust at sawmills and paper mills. Other industries using bulk materials handling include flour mills and coal-fired utility boilers.
Providing storage and inventory control and possibly material blending is usually part of a Bulk Material Handling system.
In ports handling large quantities of bulk materials, continuous ship uploaders are replacing gantry cranes. The module provides the entire concept of Material Handling in big industries.